What Agreements Were Made At Yalta
As an Allies` victory was likely, the objective of the Yalta conference was to decide what to do with Germany after it was defeated. In many ways, the Yalta conference set the stage for the rest of the Cold War in Europe. The Yalta conference took place from 4 to 11 February 1945, during the Second World War, at a Russian resort in Crimea. In Yalta, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Prime Minister Joseph Stalin made important decisions on the future progress of the war and the post-war world. On March 1, Roosevelt assured Congress: «I come from Crimea with the firm conviction that we have begun on the road to a world of peace.»  However, the Western powers soon realized that Stalin would not keep his promise of free elections for Poland. After receiving considerable criticism in London after Yalta of the atrocities committed by Soviet troops in Poland, Churchill wrote a desperate letter to Roosevelt in which he referred to the large-scale deportations and liquidations of opposition Poles by the Soviets.  On March 11, Roosevelt replied to Churchill and wrote, «I am sure we must stand firm on a correct interpretation of Crimea`s decision. They rightly believe that neither the government nor the people of this country will support participation in fraud or mere deception by the Lublin government, and the solution must be as we imagined it in Yalta.  Poland was the first item on the Soviet agenda. Stalin said that «for the Soviet government, the question of Poland is a matter of honor» and security because Poland has served as a historic corridor for forces trying to invade Russia.
 In addition, Stalin told history: «Because the Russians had sinned strongly against Poland,» «the Soviet government tried to atone for these sins.»  Stalin concluded that «Poland must be strong» and that «the Soviet Union is interested in creating a powerful, free and independent Poland.» As a result, Stalin stated that the demands of the Polish government in exile are not negotiable: the Soviet Union would retain the territory of eastern Poland, which it had already annexed in 1939, and Poland should be compensated by the expansion of its western borders at the expense of Germany. Contrary to his previously proclaimed position, Stalin promised free elections in Poland, although he recently had one of its members in the Soviet provisional government occupied by the Red Army.